PACKAGE

 

PACKAGE

Fonte Wikipedia

La parola inglese package (“pacchetto”), ha numerosi significati tecnici in contesti specifici:

 

  • l’imballaggio (scatola o busta di vari tipi e dimensioni), destinato ad esposizione e vendita, in cui viene inserito un prodotto commerciale.
  • in elettronica il package è l’alloggiamento dove vengono inseriti i circuiti elettronici.
  • nel linguaggio di programmazione Java, un package è una collezione di classi e interfacce correlate;
  • nel sistemi operativi BSD/*nix il package rappresenta il codice sorgente compilato in binario di un port o più in generale di un software adatto all’installazione;
  • nel sistema operativo Linux, un RPM è un particolare formato di file pensato per l’installazione di applicazioni software.

Fonte: Wikipedia

Product requirements

In addition, package testing often relates to the specific product inside the package. Some broad categories of products and special package testing considerations follow:

Food packaging

Foods categories such as fresh produce, frozen foods, irradiated foods, fresh fish, canned foods, etc. have regulatory requirements and special packaging needs. Package testing often relates to:

Food safety
Compatibility of the package with the food
Migration of material from the packaging to the food
Shelf life
Barrier properties, porosity, package atmosphere, etc
Special quality assurance needs, good manufacturing practices, HACCP, validation protocols, etc

Pharmaceutical packaging

Packaging for drugs and pharmaceuticals is highly regulated. Special testing needs include:

Safety of drugs and pharmaceuticals
Barrier properties
Shelf life
Compatibility of package with the drugs
Sterility
Tamper resistance, child resistance, etc
Special quality assurance needs, good manufacturing practices, validation protocols, etc

Medical Packaging

Packaging for medical materials, medical devices, health care supplies, etc., have special user requirements and is highly regulated. Barrier properties, durability, visibility, sterility and strength need to be controlled; usually with documented test results for initial designs and for production.

Assurance of sterility and suitability for use are critical. For example, medical devices and products are often sterilized in the package. The sterility must be maintained throughout distribution to allow immediate use by physicians. A series of special packaging tests is used to measure the ability of the package to maintain sterility. Verification and validation protocols are rigidly maintained.